Il Problema Dello Spazio e la Concezione del Mono : La Teoria Endosferica del Campo ; Sistema Cosmocentrico. Con 16 tavole fuori testo e 27 figure nel testo by Paolo Emilio Amico-Roxas.
Roma : Libreria Editrice Universitaria D'isa, 1960. First printing. Softcover. 375 pages ; 16 plates ; 24 cm. In original dust jacket. Italian text with the preface in English. No markings to pages. Binding is firm. Super rare physics book!
THE PROBLEM OF SPACE AND THE CONCEPT OF THE WORLD THE ENDOSPHERICAL FIELD THEORY OR COSMOCENTRIC SYSTEM
By Paolo Emilio Amico-Roxas
SUBJECT: Every concept of the world is based on some particular theory about the nature of space and, specifically, on the hypo-thesis of an existing law of light propagation. Until Einstein, the cosmic space was considered Euclidean, that is to say, light propagation was thought to be rectilinear. This was the foundation for the Exospherical theory of the world with its variants (Ptolemaic and Copernican Systems). Einstein with his Gravitational theory broke off from the Newtonian concepts; light propagation does not follow straight lines, motion is not rigid, the real universe is non-Euclidean. The theory of relativity admits however, as a particular case the Newton theory. The curvature of light rays in the Einstein concept is nevertheless so slight that the relativistic world is still framed in an exospherical pattern. The new Endospherical theory, just like Einstein's, is based on the field concept, but besides the gravitational field it considers the electrical field whose sources are the Sun and the central region of the system of stars. Qualitatively the new theory does not differ from the Einstein theory. The difference is only quantitative: the curvature of the light is more accentuated, non-rigid motion implies more striking alterations, the real universe has a more non-Euclidean nature. The new theory admits, however, --as a particular case---the general theory of relativity. On the assumption of rectilinear propagation of the light, or almost rectilinear, which are admitted in the Classic and in the Einstein theory the world is conceived as exospherical on the assumption instead that there is an electric field whose force lines are geodesics produced by electromagnetic radiation. This world is shaped within the hollow sphere with geometric exactitude (transformation by reciprocal vector rays). The world is surrounded by the concave surface of the earth. There is correspondence and equivalence between the classic and the endospherical space: all the physical laws, valid in the first one, are also valid in the latter. All the celestial phenomena and their relative provisions calculated and explained in the first one, are calculated and explained in the new theory with the same exactness and rigorous logic. The New Theory explains besides several facts which are not explained in the classic conception: and in this point lies its greater validity.
OBJECT: The new world theory aims at an explanation of basic facts which in the old conception are either seen as accidental facts, or are insufficiently explained, or are necessarily derived from the theory despite the fact that they show illogical and absurd traits. The most outstanding of these are:
1) The symmetrical fall of cosmic rays on the earth, which Eddington considers as a "strange fact".
2) The common behaviour of the Cepheids.
3) The infinite mass implied in Newton's Law.
4) Cosmic space uniformity.
5) Fabulous duration of light rays (light years).
6) Dispersion of almost all of the energy radiated by the Sun (a disconcerting violation of the principle of conservation of energy).
7) The Seasons and the causes of variations in temperature.
8) Origin of terrestrial magnetism.
9) The dizzy flights of huge stars with almost no density.
10) Negative results of all experiments made to prove the revolution of the earth (which in fact does not exist).
11) Causes of continents adrift (Wegener).
12) Speed anomalies verified in space rocket flights.
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